IELTS Reading: Cambridge 11 Test 1, Reading Passage 2, The Falkirk Wheel, with solutions and best explanations
This IELTS Reading post covers the second part of Cambridge 11 Reading Test 1. Here, I’ve discussed Reading Passage 2 entitled “The Falkirk Wheel”. I’ve provided the solutions with the best explanations. You need to match the answers with your Cambridge 11 IELTS Series book Test 1. Hopefully, you will find this post useful.
READING PASSAGE 2
Title of the passage: The Falkirk Wheel (A unique engineering achievement)
Questions 14-19 (TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN):
[In this type of question, candidates are asked to find out whether:
The statement in the question matches with the account in the text- TRUE
The statement in the question contradicts with the account in the text- FALSE
The statement in the question has no clear connection with the account in the text- NOT GIVEN]
- The Falkirk wheel has linked the Forth and Clyde Canal with the Union Canal for the first time in history.
Keywords for this question: linked, Forth and Clyde Canal, Union Canal, first time,
In paragraph 2 lines 4-9 say, “….Historically, the two canals had been joined near the town of Falkirk by a sequence of 11 locks – enclosed sections of canal in which the water level could be raised or lowered- that stepped down across a distance of 1.5 km. This has been dismantled in 1933, .. … .” These lines mean that both the canals had been linked before, so this is not the first time.
So, the answer is: FALSE
- There was some opposition to the design of the Falkirk Wheel at first.
Keywords for this question: opposition, design, at first
As the most important keyword for this question is ‘opposition’, we need to find any word that relates to opposition. Apparently, there is no such information in the text. According to paragraph 3, many ideas were submitted for the project but the writer does not show whether anyone opposed the plan that was approved.
So, the answer is: NOT GIVEN
- The Falkirk Wheel was initially put together at the location where its components were manufactured.
Keywords for this question: initially, put together, location, components, manufactured
As this question asks for the location of the wheel, we need to find the information about the Wheel’s location. According to paragraph 4, lines 1-4, “The various parts of the Falkirk Wheel were all constructed and assembled at Butterley Engineering’s Steelworks in Derbyshire…”. So the statement and the information in the text have the same meaning.
So, the answer is: TRUE
- The Falkirk Wheel is the only boat lift in the world which has steel sections bolted together by hand.
Keywords for this question: only boat lift, bolted together by hand
At the end of paragraph 4, the writer says, “Over 45,000 bolt holes were matched with their bolts, and each bolt was hand-tightened.” So, the writer does mention about bolts being hand-tightened. But, we do not find any information which confirms that it was the only boat with such unique feature.
So, the answer is: NOT GIVEN
- The weight of the gondolas varies according to the size of boat being carried.
Keywords for this question: weight, varies, size of boat
The answer can be found in paragraph 5 lines 6-7. Here, the writer says, “….These gondolas always weigh the same, whether or not they are carrying boats.” It means that the weight is always the same.
So, the answer is: FALSE
- The construction of the Falkirk Wheel site took into account the presence of a nearby ancient monument.
Keywords for this question: construction, presence, ancient, monument
In relation to the last paragraph, “the Wheel could not be constructed to elevate boats over the full 35-metre difference between the two canals, owing to the presence of historically important Antonine Wall”. Here, historically important means ancient. So, we can understand form here that the construction of the Wheel is influenced by the presence of an ancient monument.
So, the answer is: TRUE
Questions 20-26 (Labeling diagram)
[In this type of question, candidates will be asked to work on a picture and fill in some gaps in the given points or labels. There is a condition to write the answers with no more than one, two or three words. An interesting point about this type of question is that the answers for these questions are generally found around one or two paragraphs. The picture or diagram can become useful because it may help a lot to find critical information.]
Title of the diagram: How a boat is lifted on the Falkirk Wheel
- A pair of ______ are lifted in order to shut out water from canal basin.
Keywords for this question: a pair, lifted, shut out water
In lines 4-7 of paragraph 6, we can find, “Two hydraulic steel gates are raised, so as to seal the gondola off from the water in the canal basin”. Now, here we find some matches with keywords.
* a pair of = two
* lifted = raised
* shut out water = seal off from water
So, the answer is: gates
- A _______ is taken out, enabling Wheel to rotate
Keywords for this question: taken out, rotate
As said in the fourth sentence of paragraph 6, “A hydraulic clamp ______ , is removed, allowing the Wheel to turn”. We find some matches with keywords here. *taken out = removed *rotate = turn
So, the answer is: clamp
- Hydraulic motors drive_______
Keywords for this question: drive
As far as paragraph 6 is concerned, “In the central machine room an array of ten hydraulic motors then begins to rotate the central axle“. So it means that the hydraulic motors drive, or control the axle by rotating it.
So, the answer is: axle
- A range of different-sized ________ ensures boat keeps upright.
Keywords for this question: different-sized, upright
Again in paragraph 6, lines 16-21 say, “As the wheel rotates, the gondolas are kept in the upright position by a simple gearing system. Two eight-metre-wide cogs orbit a fixed inner cog of the same width connected by two smaller cogs…..” Here, the writer says that the writer illustrates the gearing system which comprises many cogs of different sizes. So, the word in the blank is cogs.
So, the answer is: cogs
- Boat reaches top Wheel, then moves directly onto…
Keywords for this question: moves directly onto
If we look closely at the end of paragraph 6, the author indicates, “When the gondola reaches the top, the boat passes straight onto the aqueduct situated 24 metres above the canal basin”. Here, *move onto=pass onto, * directly=straight
So, the answer is: aqueduct
- Boat travels through tunnel beneath Roman __________
Keywords for this question: beneath, Roman
The end of the text provides us the answer. Here, in the last lines of the last paragraph, the writer says, “Boats travel under this wall via a tunnel …..”. “This wall” indicates to the wall built by the Romans in the 2nd century AD. Also, here under means beneath.
So, the answer is: wall
- ________ raise boat 11m to level of Union Canal.
Keywords for this question: raise, reach
The final paragraph begins with a special information. “The remaining 11 metres of lift needed to reach the Union Canal is achieved by a pair of locks“. So, here it means that the locks actually lifts or raises boat.
So, the answer is: locks
Click here for solutions to Cambridge 11 Test 1 Reading Passage 1
Click here for solutions to Cambridge 11 Test 1 Reading Passage 3
It may be helpful to me
Thanks for explanation. I got 11 scores in this reading.
Shouldn’t Q26 be “Locks”, not “locks” ?
It isn’t important
[…] Click here for solutions to Cambridge 11 Test 1 Reading Passage 2 […]
Thank you brother for your nice job.
Welcome, Mr. Yahya.
Thank you brother for your nice job. It is beneficial for all kinds of students.
Most welcome. Please refer this website to your known ones if they need practice help for IELTS.
Thanks sir this explanation has really improved my reading
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Hi thanks for the job you’ve done here …I wonder why the answer to the Q15 should not be FALSE instead of NOT GIVEN because in the second paragraph it states ” … In 1994, the British waterways authority were keen to create a dramatic 21st century landmark which would not only….” …what would you say?!?!!!
So I guess instead of opposition there was some kind of tendency …right????!!!
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Hi i wanna say thank u for ur excellent and helpful job. I always use this website to identify and analyse my mistakes. U re doing great job helping us thanx again
Hi, the answer of question 17 is yes because of the first line in the first paragraph!
I WAS SWIMMING IN THE OCEAN & I GOT IELTS DEAL LIKE A SHIP.
Thank you. Please refer to others.