IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: flow chart writing; sweater making process; with tips and sample answer

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: flow chart writing; sweater making process; with tips and sample answer

In the IELTS Writing Task 1 exam for the academic version, candidates are sometimes required to write a report on a flow chart. In this post, we are discussing a flow chart which is based on the sweater manufacturing process in a factory. As a flow chart maintains a sequence and the action performer is absent, it needs to be written by maintaining the sequence and in the passive voice. This post will assist you to write any flow chart in an effortless and eye-catching way.

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: flow chart writing; sweater making process; with tips and sample answer

So, let’s have a look at the question title and the picture.

The flow-chart shows how sweaters are manufactured in a garment factory in Bangladesh.

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: flow chart writing; sweater making process; with tips and sample answer

Try to understand every single point and make necessary notes on the picture with a pencil. You are allowed to use a pencil and don’t be afraid to use it on the question paper. If you are not sure, number every stage like 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 .. . .. following the arrowhead and write down the total number of stages on the corner of the question paper.

I’ve prepared a sample answer here for you. Let’s have a look at it.


  1. Don’t fall short of word count. You have to write at least 150 words, not a single word less.
  2. Don’t write any conclusion. It’s absolutely useless in Writing Task 1 if you don’t have problem in writing more than 150 words.
  3. Don’t provide any personal opinion, reasons and effects of an issue etc.
  4. Don’t provide any solution to a problem.
  5. Don’t talk around your main topic.

Model answer:

The illustrated flow chart is a clear presentation of sweater production in a clothing factory in Bangladesh. Overall, the process consists of sixteen stages starting with the collection of yarn and culminating in shipping of the products.

At the beginning of the chart, yarns are collected and then sent to the distribution section. Here, the yarns are wound and distributed into knitting panels. Next, the knitting of the sweater panels is done after which the panels are inspected online. Afterward, the panels are linked in the linking section. In the following stage, another inspection is made over the internet. Next comes the trimming, light checking and mending process. When mending, if any problem is found, some products are sent back to the winding section. After that, holes are made for attaching buttons. Subsequently, the sweaters are washed, labeled and ironed and then, the third inspection is made by the factory quality team. Thereafter, all the sweaters are folded and packaged. After the ultimate inspection, the sweaters are finally sent for shipment.

(170 words)

Special tips for writing a great answer to a flow-chart:

  1. Judge the picture carefully and count the total number of stages in the flow-chart.
  2. Mark the beginning and the ending section. This will help you to make an overall comment on the picture.
  3. Carefully look whether any stage is linked with another stage in a backward direction. This means you have to write particularly on this point.
  4. Don’t forget to use Passive of Simple Present tense.
  5. Use a number of sequencing linkers like First of all / to begin with / next / then / after that / following this / after which / in the subsequent stage / the next step is .. / subsequently / finally/ the last step is…
  6. Try to use some difficult vocabularies and complex sentences. Please do not write too many short sentences. If you do so, your answer will be graded poorly.
  7. You must remember to logically arrange the writing.

Here’s a video lesson for you on the same topic discussed above:

Click here to learn more about writing a flow-chart in details.

Here are some other diagrams that you can practice:

Process diagram on olive oil production

Flow-chart on writing a story

Two maps showing changes in an industrial village

Two maps showing changes in a town

Life cycle diagram on tuna fish

Life cycle diagram on silkworm moth

Cycle diagram on water movement

Diagram on water contamination

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