IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: diagram on electricity generation by solar panels for a house; with bonus tips and a model answer

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: diagram on electricity generation by solar panels for a house; with bonus tips and a model answer

This IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 post focuses on another diagram on how solar panels generate electricity for a house and contribute to the grid. The post will guide you to understand the diagram in detail and write a great answer for it. You will also find a bonus tips at the end of the post.

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: diagram on electricity generation by solar panels for a house; with bonus tips and a model answer

Let’s take a look at the question first.

The diagram shows how solar panels generate electricity for a home and contribute to the grid.

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: diagram on electricity generation by solar panels for a house; with bonus tips and a model answer

Here are some important points to be noted when writing answer to this diagram:

  1. The diagram has 8 stages.
  2. It starts with the sun giving sun rays.
  3. It ends in energy suppliers giving credit to the home owner.
  4. In the fourth stage the AC current is divided into two parts; one part goes to the outlets, the other goes to the meter as excess electricity.
  5. The writing structure for the model answer is:
  • Introduction: Paraphrasing the title and making an overall comment on the picture. (2 lines with 30-50 words)
  • Description: Describing the picture in 100-130 words explaining all the stages.
  1. Grammar:
  • Use Simple Present Tense
  • Use simple, compound and complex sentences.
  • Use Third person as subject.
  • Use passive voice as the action doer is not present.

Model answer:

The diagram is a clear illustration of electricity generation by solar panels for a home which also contributes to the local grid. Overall, the process includes a total of eight stages beginning with the sun giving rays and culminating in receiving credit from electricity supplier.

First of all, the sun provides the necessary sun rays which is received by the solar panels on the roof of the house. The panels turn the solar energy into DC current and supply it to an inverter which is set at the sidewall of the house. DC current is converted to AC current by the inverter in the third stage. Subsequently, a breaker box splits the AC current and supplies it to the channels in the house. In the fifth stage, this electricity provides energy to lights, fans and all other machines in the house. After that, a meter measures if there is any excess Ac current left after the usage and sends it to the local power grid afterwards. As a final point, energy suppliers credits the home owner for the excess electricity provided to the grid.

(184 words)

Expert comments:

This answer to the given diagram contains a concise introduction. The overall comment contains the key features. The body paragraph is well-organized and linking devices are used flexibly and perfectly and it also maintains the logical order. Use of complex and compound sentences are accurate and passive voices are also used. Collocations are also used.

BONUS TIPS: You should not use any CONCLUDING statement in your TASK 1 answer as you are not providing any opinion. The only thing here to do is to provide a description of the picture. So, no conclusion is needed.

Here are some other Task 1 samples and answers for you:

Process diagram on apple juice production

Flow-chart on sweater manufacturing

Process diagram on olive oil production

Flow-chart on writing a story

Two maps showing changes in an industrial village

Two maps showing changes in a town

Life cycle diagram on tuna fish

Life cycle diagram on silkworm moth

Cycle diagram on water movement

Process diagram on sugar production

 

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