IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 7, Test 1: Reading Passage 2; MAKING EVERY DROP COUNT; with top solutions and step-by step detailed explanations
This IELTS Reading post focuses on all the solutions for IELTS Cambridge 7 Test 1 Reading Passage 2, which is entitled ‘MAKING EVERY DROP COUNT’. This is a post primarily for IELTS candidates who have great problems in finding answers for the Academic Reading module. This post can guide you the best to comprehend each Reading answer without facing much difficulty. Tracing IELTS Reading answers is a gradual process and I sincerely hope this post can help you in your IELTS Reading preparation.
IELTS Cambridge 7 Test 1: AC Reading Module
Reading Passage 2:
The headline of the passage: MAKING EVERY DROP COUNT
Questions 14-20 (List of headings):
[In this question type, IELTS candidates are provided with a list of headings, usually identified with lower-case Roman numerals (i, ii, iii, etc,). A heading will refer to the main idea of the paragraph or section of the text. Candidates must find out the equivalent heading to the correct paragraphs or sections, which are marked with alphabets A, B, C and so forth. Candidates need to write the appropriate Roman numerals in the boxes on their answer sheets. There will always be two or three more headings than there are paragraphs or sections. So, some of the headings will not be used. It is also likely that some paragraphs or sections may not be included in the task. Generally, the first paragraph is an example paragraph that will be done for the candidates for their understanding of the task.
TIPS: Skimming is the best reading technique. You need not understand every word here. Just try to gather the gist of the sentences. That’s all. Read quickly and don’t stop until you finish each sentence. ]
Question 14: Paragraph A
In the first lines of paragraph A, the writer says, “The history of human civilisation is entwined with the history of the ways we have learned to manipulate water resources.”
Then in lines 4-7, the writer mentions, “At the height of the Roman Empire, nine major systems, with an innovative layout of pipes and well-built sewers, supplied the occupants of Rome with as much water per person as is provided in many parts of the industrial world today.”
Here, the Roman Empire, nine major systems = ancient water supplies,
So, the answer is: xi (A description of ancient water supplies)
Question 15: Paragraph C
Paragraph C narrates the dangers to physical condition as the result of a shortage of pure water. The writer mentions in lines 4-7, “.. … . . more than one billion people lack access to clean drinking water: some two and half billion do not have adequate sanitation services. Preventable water-related diseases kill an estimated 10,000 to 20,000 children every day, .. . .. . .”
So, the answer is: vii (the relevance to health)
Question 16: Paragraph D
Paragraph D details about the environmental effects of water-shortage.
In lines 4-7 the writer mentions, “. . .. … . more than 20% of all freshwater fish species are now threatened or endangered because dams and water withdrawals have destroyed the free-flowing river ecosystems where they thrive. Certain irrigation practices degrade soil quality and reduce agricultural productivity.”
So, the answer is: v (Environmental effects)
Question 17: Paragraph E
In paragraph E, take a look at the following sentences.
“. .. … however, the resource planners think about water is beginning to change.” (lines 1-2).
“The focus is slowly shifting back to the provision of basic human and environmental needs as top priority – .. ..” (lines 2-3)
“Some water experts are now demanding that existing infrastructure be used in smarter ways rather than building new facilities,. .. ..” (lines 4-5)
Here, resource planners/water experts = scientists, demanding = call, beginning to change/slowly shifting back, existing infrastructure be used in smarter ways = revision of policy,
So, the answer is: i (Scientists’ call for a revision of policy)
Question 18: Paragraph F
In paragraph F, take a close look at the following sentences.
In lines 1-2 the writer mentions, “Fortunately – and unexpectedly – the demand for water is not rising as rapidly as some predicted.”
Then, in lines 3-5, the writer says, “Although population, industrial output, and economic productivity have continued to soar in developed nations, the rate at which people withdraw water from aquifers, rivers and lacks has slowed.”
Here, unexpectedly = surprising, the rate.. .. has slowed = downward trend,
So, the answer is: ix (A surprising downward trend in demand for water)
Question 19: Paragraph G
Paragraph G opens with this question, “What explains this remarkable turn of events?”
This suggests that the author will give an explanation of the reasons behind this reduced use of water.
In lines 1-2 the writer mentions, “Two factors: people have figured out how to use water more efficiently, and communities are rethinking their priorities for water use.”
This means that there are two reasons behind reduced water use; first, people have found out ways to use water efficiently, and second, communities now think twice about their priorities for how to use water.
So, the answer is: ii (An explanation for reduced water use)
Question 20: Paragraph H
In paragraph H, we find that the writer feels the need to raise standards in use of water and planning for better infrastructure, “On the other hand, dams, aqueducts and other kinds of infrastructure will still have to be built, particularly in developing countries where basic human needs have not been met. But such projects must be built to higher specifications and with more accountability to local people and their environment than in the past. And even in regions where new projects seem warranted, we must find ways to meet demands with fewer resources, respecting ecological criteria and to smaller budget.”
Here, higher specifications = raise standards,
So, the answer is: x (The need to raise standards)
Questions 21-26 (YES, NO, NOT GIVEN)
[In this type of question, candidates are asked to find out whether:
The statement in the question matches with the claim of the writer in the text- YES
The statement in the question contradicts with the claim of the writer in the text- NO
The statement in the question has no clear connection with the account in the text- NOT GIVEN]
[TIPS: For this type of question, you can divide each statement into three independent pieces and make your way through with the answer.]
Question 21: Water use per person is higher in the industrial world than it was in Ancient Rome.
Keywords for this question: water use, per person, higher, industrial world, Ancient Rome,
The last lines of paragraph A give us the answer to this question. The writer says here, “At the height of the Roman Empire, nine major systems, with an innovative layout of pipes and well-built sewers, supplied the occupants of Rome with as much water per person as is provided in many parts of the industrial world today.”
Here, as much water per person . .. . . as is provided.. .. today means the supply of water is not higher; it is rather equal.
So, the answer is: NO
Question 22: Feeding increasing populations is possible due primarily to improved irrigation systems.
Keywords for this question: feeding, increasing populations, possible, due to, improved irrigation system,
In paragraph B the writer says in lines 5-7, “Food production has kept pace with soaring populations mainly because of the expansion of artificial irrigation systems that make possible the growth of 40% of the world’s food.”
Here, soaring = increasing, because of = due primarily to, artificial irrigation systems = improved irrigation systems,
So, the answer is: YES
Question 23: Modern water systems imitate those of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
Keywords for this question: modern water systems, imitate, ancient Greeks and Romans,
In paragraph C the writer says in lines 2-3, “.. . … half of the world’s population still suffers, with water services inferior to those available to the ancient Greeks and Romans.”
However, we do not find any information that says modern water systems are a copied version of the Ancient Greek and Roman water systems.
So, the answer is: NOT GIVEN
Question 24: Industrial growth is increasing the overall demand for water.
Keywords for this question: industrial growth, increasing, overall demand, water,
In paragraph F the writer argues in lines 3-5, “.. .. . Although population, industrial output and economic productivity have continued to soar in developed nations, the rate at which people withdraw water from aquifers, rivers and lakes has slowed.”
Here, the rate . .. . has slowed = demand of water is decreasing.
Therefore, the lines directly contradict the information provided in question 24.
So, the answer is: NO
Question 25: Modern technologies have led to reduction in the domestic water consumption.
Keywords for this question: modern technologies, led to, reduction, domestic water consumption,
In paragraph G the author states in lines 5-7, “.. . . . But since 1980, the amount of water consumed per person has actually decreased, thanks to a range of new technologies that help to conserve water in homes and industry.”
Here, thanks to a range of new technologies = modern technologies have led to,
Therefore, the lines directly match with the statement in question 25.
So, the answer is: YES
Question 26: In the future, governments should maintain ownership of water infrastructures.
Keywords for this question: future, governments, should maintain, ownership, water infrastructures,
Information relating to government and water infrastructures can only be traced in paragraphs H and E.
In paragraph E, the writer only says: “Some water experts are now demanding that existing infrastructure be used in smarter ways rather than building new facilities.” There is no discussion about ownership whatsoever.
In paragraph H: “…dams, aqueducts and other kinds of infrastructure will still have to be built….”. But again there is a clear indication of ownership here. Therefore, the sentences lack information about whether governments should maintain ownership of water infrastructures or not.
So, the answer is: NOT GIVEN
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