IELTS Writing Task 1: top vocabulary practice for line graph/ column graph with example sentences and bonus tips

IELTS Writing Task 1: top vocabulary practice for line graph/ column graph with example sentences and bonus tips

This IELTSdeal post focuses on the use of vocabularies for line graphs or column graphs in IELTS Writing Task 1. Studying this post you will be able to understand how to write different vocabularies in the same picture description. Look closely at the top example sentences and try to write them regularly for your best preparation for IELTS Writing exam. Some short and simple bonus tips are also given here for your help.

IELTS Writing Task 1: top vocabulary practice for line graph/ column graph with example sentences and bonus tips

Pictures with a timeline (Line graph/ Column graph):

As you know that you are given a timeline in line or column graph (even in double/triple pie chart or table), you must learn the following sets of vocabulary for achieving a higher score in IELTS Writing. Writing the same words over and over again will surely affect your writing negatively. So, you should learn to use them in the present, past and future tenses. Also, you need to learn the use of noun, adjective and adverb forms.

First, look at the following graph where you can learn about different trends:

IELTS Writing Task 1: top vocabulary practice for line graph/ column graph with example sentences and bonus tips

Upward trend:

Common synonyms are given below

Increase, develop, improve, go up, climb, jump, boost, boom, swell, advance etc.

Here are some examples:

The town saw an increase in population.

The number jumped from 500 to 2000 in 1965.

The government spent 10000 dollars in 2004 for the development of the town. Then, it started to boost further.

Downward trend:

Common synonyms are given below

Decrease, decline, dwindle, shrink, go down, lessen, fall down, diminish, etc.

Here are some example sentences:

The rate went down by 25% this year.

The number of admitted students fell down.

The number of export declines each year.

The interest in reading books will diminish in the coming years.

Stable trend:

Common synonyms are given below

Remained stable, remains steady, no change, stayed equal as before, etc.

Here are some common examples:

From 2000 to 2005 there was no change in the number of workers.

The rate of export remained stable from January 2011 to June 2011.

Fluctuating trend:

Common synonyms are given below

Fluctuate, oscillate, vacillate, swing, go ups and downs, wax and wane, etc.

Look at the following examples:

The percentage of illiterate people fluctuated.

The rate oscillates from July to October every year.

A short swing was detected during the last part of the year.

Use of adjectives and adverbs:

To explain the trends, you also need to learn some important adjectives and adverbs which are discussed below.

Have a look at this small list of the table below.

Adjective Adverb
Slow Slowly
Rapid Rapidly
Steady Steadily
Gradual Gradually
Dramatic Dramatically
Quick Quickly
Swift Swiftly
Sequential Sequentially
Moderate Moderately
Significant Significantly
Considerable Considerably
Noticeable Noticeably
Tedious Tediously

Here are some example sentences which you can practice for your better understanding:

Adjective: There was a slow increase in the number of workers in the factory from 50 to 55 during this time.

Or,

Adverb: The number of workers in the factory grew slowly from 50 to 55 during this time.

Adjective: The Company experienced a swift development in the percentage of export from 23% to 67% between 2006 and 2008.

Or,

Adverb: From 2006 to 2008 the percentage of export went up swiftly from 23% to 67%.

Adjective: The students had a sequential decrease in their scores.

Or,

Adverb: The scores of the students decreased sequentially.

You can try and learn the use of different vocabularies following these above-given methods.

Bonus tips for practicing vocabularies:

  1. Practice writing at least 15/20 individual sentences from different graphs, charts, diagrams and so on.
  2. Maintain a separate notebook for your vocabulary practice.
  3. Try to learn the use of nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs, and try to learn the basic differences among them.
  4. Show your notebook to an expert of English Language; have your writings checked regularly.
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