IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: writing a good, strong answer for a line graph; with details and tips

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: writing a good, strong answer for a line graph; with details and tips

This is an IELTS Writing Task 1 post on writing a good, strong answer for a line graph. This post will also help you to write answer to a column graph too. The details of a line graph, that is, introduction, overall trend or summary and detailed trend have been discussed here. You will also find a good model answer for the discussed picture.

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: writing a good, strong answer for a line graph; with details and tips

let’s have a look at how to write a good and solid answer to a Task 1 question.

Let’s look at a question first.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The line graph shows the number of workers in a spinning mill in Westferthing from 1999 to 2004.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: writing a good, strong answer for a line graph; with details and tips

In this question we can see that we are given a small amount of data to present a report. However, we must write at least 150 words.

We have to set a plan on how to write 150 words for both short pictures and big pictures.

In my opinion, we should write an answer with 2 paragraphs.

This is how the model answer can look.

Paragraphs What to write
Paragraph no. 1 Introductory statement with an overview.

Introduction:

Paraphrase the given title. (Never copy the title. You will be penalized if you do so.)

Overview: Provide an overall statement or summary of the picture.

Paragraph no. 2 Write a detail of the given picture. Understand every point and angle clearly before you write. This will help you to find important points to write for the answer.

You do not need a conclusion unless there is a need to write more. You can write a conclusion only when you are short of some words.

So, let’s start writing the answer for the given picture.

Introduction:

Here is a model INTRODUCTORY STATEMENT.

The displayed line graph illustrates the number of people who worked in a spinning mill in Westferthing between 1999 and 2004.

You can see the sentence has been changed in some places and it looks different from the title.

Now, we should provide an overview.

Overall trend/ Overview/ Summary:

Before doing that we need to know about some important matters and vocabularies for line graph and column graph.

Trends:

Every line and column graph has some trends to explain. Here is a list of trends that you can find in a line or column graph.

TRENDS
Increasing trend:                

Slow increase

              

Rapid increase

Decreasing trend:                   

Slow decrease

                     

Rapid decrease

Stable trend:                    

Stability, No change

Fluctuating trend:                     

Fluctuation

To describe these trends, you need to use different synonyms.

Here is a list of synonymous words for the given trends in a line graph or column graph.

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: writing a good, strong answer for a line graph; with details and tipsNow, as we have learnt about the trends and their languages, we can write the overview or overall trend.

Let’s take a look at the picture again.

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: writing a good, strong answer for a line graph; with details and tips

You can see that I’ve drawn a red line just beneath the line and it looks like the shape of a cap. If you find something like this, you can write an overview easily.

Take a look again. It appears that the given data increases at first and decreases at the end. It also seems that there is a stable trend in the middle. So, we have to put all these information together and we shall get our overall trend/ overview/ general trend.

Here is a model OVERALL TREND for you.

Overall, the number of workers in the spinning mill developed at first and declined at culmination with a stable trend in the mid-level.

This line clearly describes in brief the complete picture of the given graph.

For other types of pictures, the overall trend will be different. Even in some pictures you need not provide the overall trend.

Now, let’s flip the picture so that it becomes a completely opposite one.

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: writing a good, strong answer for a line graph; with details and tips

Again, you can see that I’ve drawn another red line just beneath the line and it resembles the shape of a cup. If you find a graph like this, you can write an overview following the above described method.

Take a close look. It appears that the given data decreases at first and increases at the end with a stable trend in the middle.

So, here is a model OVERALL TREND for you, which will be just opposite of the previous overall trend.

Overall, the number of workers in the spinning mill declined at first and developed at culmination with a stable trend in the mid-level.

Description:

Now, we need to write the detail of our main picture.

Let’s have a look at the picture again.

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: writing a good, strong answer for a line graph; with details and tips

You can see some coloured highlights in the picture.

These are the points on which we are going to write the details.

Let’s have a close look at the coloured points.

  • The red circle – the starting point – workers’ number-20, time-1999.
  • The green line – first increase –workers’ number from 20 to 30, time 1999-2000.
  • The blue line – second increase –workers’ number from 30 to 70, time 2000-2001.
  • The orange line – stable trend –workers’ number remains at 70, time 2001-2002.
  • The purple line – first decrease –workers’ number from 70 to 60, time 2002-2003.
  • The sky-blue line – second increase –workers’ number from 60 to 5, time 2003-2004.

So, these are all the points which we need to detail in our writing.

Let’s write it. Don’t be scared if you can’t write properly at first. It happens to everyone. We need to move slowly but not too slowly.

Here is a model DESCRIPTION of the picture.

As it is observed in the graph, the number of workers in the spinning mill was only 20 in the year 2000. The workers’ number improved slowly from 20 to 30 between 1999 and 2000. From 2000 to 2001 the number boomed from 30 to 70. For the next year there was no change at all in the figure. The following year the number went down gradually from 70 to 60. At the end of the timeline (2003-2004) the number plummeted from 60 to only 5 approximately.

So, if we count the number of words, we may find out that we could not write 150 words.

What should we do now? Should we keep it this way?

Unfortunately, if we do this, we will be penalized.

We must think something to add with this answer.

Conclusion:

Let’s look at the picture again. Can you spot the highest and the lowest point of the picture?

It looks like the highest number of workers worked in the mill during 2001-2002 time period while the lowest worked in 2004.

Let’s add that as a conclusion.

So, here is a model CONCLUSION. Remember, you do not need this unless you are short in word-limit.

In fine, the graph shows that the highest number of workers worked in the mill during 2001-2002 while the lowest worked in 2004.

Here we have a total of 155 words. However, hopefully you need not worry about word-limit because most of the time there are lots of information to cover in the given picture or pictures.

Now, let’s have a look at the complete model answer.

The displayed line graph illustrates the number of people who worked in a spinning mill in Westferthing between 1999 and 2004. Overall, the number of workers in the spinning mill developed at first and declined at culmination with a stable trend in the mid-level.

As it is observed in the graph, the number of workers in the spinning mill was only 20 in the year 2000. The workers’ number improved slowly from 20 to 30 between 1999 and 2000. From 2000 to 2001 the number boomed from 30 to 70. For the next year there was no change at all in the figure. The following year the number went down gradually from 70 to 60. At the end of the timeline (2003-2004) the number plummeted from 60 to only 5 approximately.

In fine, the graph shows that the highest number of workers worked in the mill during 2001-2002 while the lowest worked in 2004.

This is how you can write a good, strong answer for a Task 1 picture.

Bonus tips:

There is no difference between a line graph and a column graph. Both of them are same.

Take a look at this post for details on similarities between line and column graph. 

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