This IELTS Reading post focuses on the best solutions and detailed explanations of IELTS Cambridge 11 Reading Test 3 Passage 1. The title of the passage is The Story of Silk. This is an on-demand post which is a result of requests from IELTS candidates who have major difficulties in locating and gathering Reading Answers. This post can be the best channel for you to understand every Reading answer easily and without trouble because all the answers have easy and clear explanations. Finding IELTS Reading answers is a gradual process and I hope this post can help you in this respect.
Reading Passage 1:
The headline of the passage: The Story of Silk
Questions 1-9: (Completing notes with ONE WORD ONLY)
In this type of question, candidates are asked to write only one word/ no more than two words to complete a note on the given topic. For this type of question, first, skim the passage to find the keywords in the paragraph concerned with the answer, and then scan to find the exact word.
Question 1: Around 3000 BC, according to legend:
- silkworm cocoon fell into emperor’s wife’s __________
Keywords for the question: 3000 BC, fell into, emperor’s wife
We find the mention of 3000 BC in paragraph no. 1. So, we should try to locate the answer from here. The answer to this question can be found in paragraph no. 1 lines 14-17 where, the author writes, “It just so happened that while she was sipping some tea, one of the cocoons that she had collected landed in the hot tea and started to unravel into a fine thread.”
So, the answer is: tea
Question 2: – emperor’s wife invented a ______ to pull out silk fibres
Keywords for the question: emperor’s wife, invented, pull out silk fibres
The answer can be found in paragraph no. 1 lines 21-24. Here, the author writes, “She also devised a special reel to draw the fibres from the cocoon into a single thread so that they would be strong enough to be woven into fabric.” This means that the emperor’s wife devised or invented a reel to draw out or pull out silk fibres.
So, the answer is: reel
Question 3: Only _______ were allowed to produce silk
Keywords for the question: only, were allowed to produce
Paragraph no. 2 contains the answer to this question at the very beginning. Here, in lines 1-2, the author says, “Originally, silkworm farming was solely restricted to women and .. .. . .”. Here, the phrase solely restricted to women means that only women were allowed to farm silk.
So, the answer is: women
Question 4: Only _______ were allowed to wear silk
Keywords for the question: only, allowed to wear
In paragraph no. 2 lines 6-7 say, “…. . . only royalty were entitled to have clothes made of silk.” This clearly means that only royalty were allowed to wear silk clothes.
So, the answer is: royalty
Question 5: Silk used as a form of _______
- g. farmer’s taxes consisted partly of silk
Keywords for the question: silk used, form of, farmer’s taxes
To locate this answer, we need to find the keywords farmer’s taxes and it can be found in lines 15-16 of paragraph no. 2. So, we need to look for the answer a few lines ahead because ‘farmer’s taxes’ is an example here. In lines 12-16, the writer says, “… . .. .silk was so prized that it was also used as a unit of currency. Government officials were paid their salary in silk, and farmers paid their taxes in grain and silk.”
So, the answer is: currency
Question 6: Silk used for many purposes
- g. evidence found of _____ made from silk around 168 AD
Keywords for the question: 168 AD, many purposes, evidence
The answer can be found at the end of paragraph 2. Here, in lines 20-23, the writer mentions, “The earliest indication of silk paper being used was discovered in the tomb of a noble who is estimated to have died around 168 AD.” So, it can be understood that paper made from silk was found around 168 AD.
So, the answer is: paper
Question 7: Merchants use Silk Road to take silk westward and bring back _______ and precious metals.
Keywords for the question: Merchants, Silk Road, bring back, precious metals
In paragraph no. 3, the author talks about trading of silk through Silk Road. In lines 3-5 of the paragraph, the author writes, “…. now known as the Silk Road, taking silk westward and bringing gold, silver and wool to the East.” So, the merchants took silk westward and traded them for precious metals like gold and silver and for wool.
So, the answer is: wool
Question 8: 550 AD: ______ hide silkworm eggs in canes and take them to Constantinople.
Keywords for the question: 550 AD, hide, eggs, canes, Constantinople
Answer to this question can be found in the middle of paragraph no. 4 where we can find the reference to Constantinople. Here, in lines 10-14, the writer says, “According to another legend, monks working for the Byzantine emperor Justinian smuggled silkworm eggs to Constantinople in 550 AD, concealed inside hollow bamboo walking canes.”
So, the answer is: monks
Question 9: 20th century: ______ and other manmade fibres cause decline in silk production.
Keywords for the question: 20th century, manmade fibre, cause decline,
To find answer to this question, we need to locate the keywords ‘20th century’ and ‘decline in silk production’ which is found in the last paragraph. Here, the writer says in lines 7-8, “Then in the twentieth century, new manmade fibres, such as nylon, started to be used in what had traditionally been silk products, such as stockings and parachutes.” So, it can be understood that nylon was a manmade fibre.
So, the answer is: nylon
Question 10-13 (TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN):
[In this type of question, candidates are asked to find out whether:
The statement in the question matches with the account in the text- TRUE
The statement in the question contradicts with the account in the text- FALSE
The statement in the question has no clear connection with the account in the text- NOT GIVEN
For this type of question, you can divide each statement into three independent pieces and make your way through with the answer.]
Question 10: Gold was the most valuable material transported along the Silk Road.
Keywords for the question: gold, most valuable material
In paragraph 3, the writer mentions in lines 1-8, “Demand for this exotic fabric eventually created the lucrative trade route now known as the Silk Road, taking silk westward and bringing gold, silver and wool to the East. It was named the Silk Road after its most precious commodity, which was considered to be worth more than gold.” So, it can be safely guessed that gold is not the most valuable material, it’s silk.
So, the answer is: FALSE
Question 11: Most tradesmen only went along certain sections of the Silk Road.
Keywords for the question: tradesmen, certain sections
In paragraph 3, the writer indicates that “The Silk Road stretched over 6,000 kilometers from Eastern China to the Mediterranean Sea .. .. . . Few merchants traveled the entire route; goods were handled mostly by a series of middlemen.” This clearly means that the journey through Silk Road was lengthy enough for merchants to travel along; therefore, they only travelled along certain sections.
So, the answer is: TRUE
Question 12: The Byzantines spread the practice of silk production across the West.
Keywords for the question: The Byzantines, spread
In paragraph 4, from line 3, the writer mentions, “The Byzantines were as secretive as the Chinese, however, and for many centuries the weaving and trading of silk fabric was a strict imperial monopoly. Then in the seventh century, the Arabs conquered Persia, capturing their magnificent silks in the process. Silk production thus spread through Africa, Sicily and Spain as the Arabs swept through these lands.” Therefore, it was the the Arabs, not the Byzantines, who spread the practice of silk production across the West.
So the answer is: FALSE
Question 13: Silk yarn makes up the majority of silk currently exported from China.
Keywords for the question: silk yarn, the majority, exported, China
In the last paragraph, the writer says, “.. .. .in more recent decades, China has gradually recaptured its position as the world’s biggest producer and exporter of silk and silk yarn.” So, it is unclear from the lines whether silk yarn makes up the majority of silk currently exported from China, we only make out that both silk and silk yarn are exported, but there is no information on which product makes up the majority of silk exported from China.
So the answer is: NOT GIVEN