IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 10 Test 4; Reading passage 1; The megafires of California; with best solutions and explanations

IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 10 Test 4; Reading passage 1; The megafires of California; with best solutions and explanations

This IELTS Academic Reading post focuses on the solutions for IELTS Cambridge 10 Test 4 Reading Passage 1 which is entitled ‘The megafires of California’. This is a solution post for candidates who have big difficulties in finding Reading Answers. This post can direct you the best to comprehend every Reading answer easily. Finding IELTS Reading answers easily is a gradual process which needs attention and a good habit of reading and I hope this post can help you in this respect.

IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 10 Test 4; Reading passage 1; The megafires of California; with best solutions and explanations

IELTS Cambridge 10 Test 4: AC Reading Module

Reading Passage 1:

The headline of the passage: The megafires of California

Questions 1-6: (Completing notes with ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER):

In this type of question, candidates are asked to write only word and/or a number to complete some notes on the given topic. For this type of question, first skim the passage to find the keywords in the paragraph concerned with the answer, and then scan to find the exact word.

[TIPS: Here scanning technique will come handy. Target the keywords of the questions to find the answers. Remember to focus on Proper nouns, random Capital letters, numbers, special characters of text etc.]

Questions 1 and 2: Characteristics of wildfires and wildfire conditions today compared to the past:

– Occurrence: more frequent

– Temperature:  hotter

– Speed: faster

– Movement: 1 ____________ more unpredictably

– Size of fires: 2 ____________ greater on average than two decades ago.

 

Question 1: Movement:  ____________ more unpredictably

Keywords for the question: movement, more unpredictably 

Read the last lines of paragraph no. 1. “The wildfires themselves, experts say, are generally hotter, faster, and spread more erratically than in the past.” Here, erratically means unpredictably.

So, the answer is: spread

Question 2: Size of fires:  ____________ greater on average than two decades ago.

Keywords for the question: size of fire, greater, than two decades ago   

The first lines of paragraph no. 2 give us the answer. ““Megafires, also  called ‘siege fires’ are the increasingly frequent blazes that burn 50,000 acres or more – 10 times the size of the average forest fire of 20 years ago.

Here, 20 years ago means two decades ago.

So, the answer is: 10/ten times

Questions 3-6:

Reasons wildfires cause more damage today compared to the past:

– Rainfall: 3 _________ average

– More brush to act as 4 __________

– Increase in yearly temperature

– Extended fire 5 __________

– More building of 6 __________ in vulnerable places

 

Question 3: Rainfall:  _________ average

Keywords for the question: rainfall, average   

We can find the keyword ‘rainfall’ in paragraph no. 3 but the word is not given there directly. We can see a synonym of ‘rainfall’ in line no. 4. Let’s read lines 1-4 of paragraph no. 3. “One explanation for the trend to more superhot fires is that the region, which usually has dry summers, has had significantly below normal precipitation in many recent years.”

Here, the words ‘precipitation’ means ‘rainfall’, ‘normal’ means ‘average’.

So, the answer is: below        

Question 4: More brush to act as __________

Keywords for the question: more brush, act as,    

Read lines 9-11 of paragraph no. 3, where the author says, “The unintentional consequence has been to halt the natural eradication of underbrush, now the primary fuel for megafires.” These lines mean that previously US Forest Service had a policy to cut down (eradication) the underbrush regularly because it was the main reason (primary fuel) for forest fires. But now the service is at halt (stop). So, more underbrush is growing more and more and it is acting as the fuel for megafires.

So, the answer is: fuel                        

Question 5: Extended fire  __________

Keywords for the question: extended fire    

In paragraph no. 4 the author mentions three other factors of megafires. Take a look at the second factor in lines 5-7, “. .. . Second is fire seasons that on average are 78 days longer than they were 20 years ago.”

Here, 78 days longer than they were 20 years ago = extended

So, the answer is: seasons

Question 6: More building of __________ in vulnerable places

Keywords for the question: more building, vulnerable places,     

Again, in paragraph no. 4 the author mentions three other factors of megafires. Take a look at the third factor in lines 7-9, “Third is increased construction of homes in wooded areas.”

As we know, wood is vulnerable/ risky for catching fire, here wooded areas means vulnerable places. Also, increased construction means more building.

So, the answer is: homes

Questions 7-13: TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN

In this type of question, candidates are asked to find out whether:

The statement in the question matches with the account in the text- TRUE

The statement in the question contradicts with the account in the text- FALSE

The statement in the question has no clear connection with the account in the text- NOT GIVEN

[For this type of question, you can divide each statement into three independent pieces and make your way through with the answer.]

Question 7: The amount of open space in California has diminished over the last ten years.

Keywords for the question: amount of open space, California, diminished, last ten years

Lines 1-7 of paragraph no. 6 give the answer. “In California, where population growth has averaged more than 600,000 a year for at least a decade, more residential housing is being built. What once was open space is now residential homes providing fuels to make fires. .. . .”

The lines suggest that California has a big population growth (600,000 every ten years/decade) and more residential houses has been built. So, open spaces have been occupied by residential homes which mean the amount of open space has diminished (decreased).

So, the answer is: TRUE

Question 8: Many experts believe California has made little progress in readying itself to fight fires.

Keywords for the question: many experts, California, little progress, fight fires,

In the beginning of paragraph 7, the writer mentions, “That said, many experts give California high marks for making   progress   on   preparedness   in   recent   years,   after   some   of   the   largest   fires   in   state history scorched  thousands  of  acres,  burned  thousands  of  homes,  and  killed  numerous  people.”

The lines suggest that experts believe that California should be given high marks or praised for the progress in preparedness in firefighting. So, the question contradicts with the information in the passage.

Here, the phrase ‘readying itself’ means ‘preparedness’.

So, the answer is: FALSE

Question 9: Personnel in the past have been criticised for mishandling fire containment.

Keywords for the question: personnel, criticised, mishandling, fire containment,

In the final half part of paragraph 7, the author talks about the criticism, “Stung in the past by criticism of bungling that allowed fires to spread when they might have been contained, personnel are meeting the peculiar challenges of neighborhood – and canyon – hoping fires better than previously, observers say.”

Here, stung in the past by criticism = criticised, bungling = mishandling, they might have been contained = fire containment,

So, the answer is: TRUE

Question 10: California has replaced a range of firefighting tools.

Keywords for this question: replaced, firefighting tools,

In  paragraph  9, the writer starts by saying,  “Besides  providing  money  to  upgrade  the  fire  engines  that  must  traverse  the mammoth state and wind along serpentine canyon roads, the state has invested .. .. .” These lines suggest to the fact that the State of California has invested money to upgrade (replace) its firefighting engines or tools.

So, the answer is: TRUE

Question 11: More firefighters have been hired to improve fire-fighting capacity.

Keywords for this question: more firefighters, hired, improve, fire-fighting capacity,

In  this  passage,  we find the  writer  mentioning  the  upgrading  of  firefighting  engines or tools,  but  there is no mention of whether more firefighters have been hired to improve fire-fighting capacity.

So, the answer is: NOT GIVEN

Question 12: Citizens and government groups disapprove of the efforts of different states and agencies working together.

Keywords for this question: citizens and government groups, disapprove, states and agencies, working together,

Take a look the end of paragraph 9, where the writer states, “There is a sense among both government and residents that the speed, dedication, and coordination of firefighters from several states and jurisdictions are resulting in greater efficiency than in past ‘siege fire’ situations.”

The lines clearly suggest that both citizens (residents) and government groups approve or support the efforts of different states and agencies (jurisdictions) working together (coordination). So, the statement in the passage contradicts with the question.

So, the answer is: FALSE

Question 13: Randy Jacobs believes that loss of life from fires will continue at the same levels, despite changes made.

Keywords for this question: Randy Jacobs, loss of life, same levels,

We find the comments of  Randy  Jacobs  at the very end of the passage who says, “Notwithstanding  all  the  damage  that  will continue  to  be  caused  by  wildfires,  we  will  no  longer  suffer  the  loss  of  life  endured  in  the  past because of the fire prevention and firefighting measures that have been put in place”.

This means as a result of the fire prevention and firefighting measures, citizens of California will no longer suffer the loss of life from fires like they did in the past. So, the statement clearly contradicts with the given question.

So, the answer is: FALSE

Click here for solutions to Cambridge 10 Test 4 Reading Passage 2

Click here for solutions to Cambridge 10 Test 4 Reading Passage 3

If you think the post is helpful, please follow and like us:
error0

2
Leave a Reply

avatar
2 Comment threads
0 Thread replies
0 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
0 Comment authors
IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 10 Test 4; Reading passage 3; When evolution runs backwards; with best solutions and explanations | IELTS DealIELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 10 Test 4; Reading passage 2; Second Nature; with best solutions and explanations | IELTS Deal Recent comment authors
  Subscribe  
newest oldest most voted
Notify of
trackback

[…] Click here for solutions to Cambridge 10 Test 4 Reading Passage 1 […]

trackback

[…] Click here for solutions to Cambridge 10 Test 4 Reading Passage 1 […]

Releated

IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 8, Test 4: Reading Passage 1; Land of the Rising Sum; with top solutions and step-by step detailed explanations

This IELTS Reading post focuses on all the solutions for IELTS Cambridge 8 Test 4 Reading Passage 1, which is entitled ‘Land of the Rising Sum’. This is an aimed post for IELTS candidates who have great problems in finding answers for the Academic Reading module. This post can guide you the best to comprehend each […]

IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 8, Test 3: Reading Passage 3; How does the biological clock tick?; with best solutions and step-by step detailed explanations

IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 8, Test 3: Reading Passage 3; How does the biological clock tick?; with best solutions and step-by step detailed explanations

This post on IELTS Reading focuses on all the solutions for IELTS Cambridge 8 Test 3 Reading Passage 3 which is entitled ‘How does the biological clock tick?’. This is a targeted post for IELTS candidates who have great problems in finding answers for the Academic Reading module. This post can guide you the best to […]

error: Protected content!